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Atlantic/Gulf Coast Statute, Regulations and Permits

These pages are intended to serve as general guidance for addressing state coastal issues. Additional permit and regulation processes may exist at the state level, and are likely at the local and county levels. Restoration practitioners are encouraged to investigate local issues thoroughly.

Caribbean AL CT DC DE FL GA LA ME MD MA MS NH NJ NY NC PA RI SC TX VT VA


CARIBBEAN

Regulations
Puerto Rico Department of Natural Resources and the Environment (in Spanish). Includes information on laws and regulations (Leyes y Reglamantos) and permits (Permisos)

EPA – Wetlands Regulations in the Caribbean


ALABAMA

Regulations
Alabama Department of Environmental Management Coastal Area Management Program

Permits
Alabama Department of Environmental Management Coastal Permitting Information


CONNECTICUT

Statutes
Overview of the Connecticut Environmental Policy Act

Connecticut Coastal Management Act

Permits
Connecticut Licensing Info Center : Environmental Licenses and Permits

Guidance
Connecticut Department of Environmental Protection User's Guide to Environmental Permits

Connecticut Coastal Program: Coastal Management Manual. Outlines policies related to shoreline structures in Connecticut


DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA ( Washington D.C. )

Department of Environmental Health: Watershed Protection Division

DELAWARE

Regulations
Delaware Department of Natural Resources and Environmental Control, Division of Water Resources: Regulations Governing the Use of Subaqueous Lands, Section 3.04, “Installation and Use of Shoreline Erosion Control Measure "

Guidance
Delaware Department of Natural Resources and Environmental Control, Construction on Coastline

Delaware Department of Natural Resources and Environmental Control, Division of Soil and Water Conservation


FLORIDA

Statutes
Florida Statutes: Chapter 161 Beach and Shore Preservation

Florida Statutes: Title XXVIII – Natural Resources; Conservation, Reclamation and Use

Additional Rules and Procedures for Construction of Vetments and Other Erosion Control Structures

Permits
Florida Department of Environmental Protection, Office of Submerged Lands and Environmental Resources: Environmental Resource Permitting Program

Florida 's Water Management District Permitting Portal

Aquatic Plant Management Permits

Florida Department of Environmental Protection Joint Coastal Permits. Required for any activities including beach restoration or nourishment and construction of erosion control structures such as groins and breakwaters


GEORGIA

Permits
Georgia Department of Natural Resources, Coastal Resources Division: Coastal Marshlands Protection Act Application Packet

Georgia Department of Natural Resources, Coastal Resources Division: When a Permit is Needed


LOUISIANA

Regulations
Louisiana Administrative Code, Title 43, Part 1: Office of the Secretary, Chapter 7. Coastal Management. Subchapter B presents guidelines for minimizing impacts to the environment for multiple types of coastal uses, and Subchapter D, §723 presents rules and procedures regarding what actions require application for coastal use permits

Permits
Louisiana Department of Natural Resources: Coastal Use Permits – Joint Application with the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers


MAINE

Statutes
Maine Natural Resources Protection Act: Permit requirements

Maine Coastal Barrier Resources System (38 MRSA §§ 1901-1905). Prohibits use of state funds for erosion stabilization projects except for nonstructural shoreline stabilization projects that are designed to mimic, enhance, or restore natural stabilization systems.

Regulations
Maine Department of Environmental Protection: Permit-by-Rule regulations, Chapter 305 of the Natural Resources Protection Act

Permits
Maine Department of Environmental Protection: Permits, Laws, and Rules

Guidance
Maine Department of Environmental Protection: Erosion and Sediment Control Best Management Practices


MARYLAND

Statutes
Maryland Shore Erosion Control Law, Natural Resources Article, Sections 8-1001 through 8-1008, as amended through 1998

Maryland Statute Search Program. Maryland Tidal Wetlands Law requires authorization for filling, dredging, bulkheads, revetments, boat ramps, jetties, cable crossings, storm drain systems, groins, breakwaters, vegetative stabilization, and similar structures in tidal wetlands. Maryland Code Annotated, Environment Article 16-101 et seq.; Md. Code Ann., Envir. 16-201 et seq. (state wetlands); Md. Code Ann., Envir. 16-301 et seq. (private wetlands); and COMAR 26.24.01.01 to 26.24.05.02.

Permits
Maryland Department of the Environment: Applications for Water Permits, Approvals, and Certifications

Maryland Department of the Environment: Water Management Permits

Guidance
Maryland Department of Natural Resources, Water Resources Administration. Shore Erosion Control Guidelines for Waterfront Property Owners: Permit Requirements

Maryland Department of Natural Resources, Shore Erosion Control Program prefers “soft” alternatives to hardened structures


MASSACHUSETTS

Statutes
Massachusetts Department of Environmental Protection: Massachusetts Wetlands Protection Act (310 CMR 10.27)

Regulations
Massachusetts Department of Environmental Protection: Revised Massachusetts Waterways Regulations (310 CMR 9.37(3)(c)). States that the DEP shall require nonstructural alternatives where feasible when evaluating coastal or shoreline engineering structures.

Massachusetts Environmental Policy Act

Permits
Massachusetts Department of Environmental Protection: Water, Wastewater, and Wetlands Permits

Guidance
Massachusetts Office of Coastal Zone Management: Environmental Permitting in Massachusetts and Wetlands Restoration Program staff contact information

Massachusetts Riverways Program: Dam Removal Permitting



MISSISSIPPI

Regulations
Mississippi Administrative Code, Title 49: Conservation and Ecology, Chapter 27 - Coastal Wetlands Protection Act

Permits
Mississippi Department of Marine Resources: Coastal Zone Wetlands Permits

Guidance
Mississippi Department of Environmental Quality Wetlands Protection


NEW HAMPSHIRE

Statutes
New Hampshire Comprehensive Shoreland Protection Act.

Regulations
New Hampshire Department of Environmental Services, Wetlands Bureau Code of Administrative Rules, Chapters Wt 100 through Wt 700

Permits
New Hampshire Department of Environmental Services, Wetlands Bureau: Guidebook for Wetlands Permits. Majority of projects that impact wetlands will require the use of one of two applications: (1) the Standard Dredge and Fill Application; or (2) the Minimum Impact Expedited Application.
 


NEW JERSEY

Statutes
New Jersey Waterfront Development Law. New Jersey Statutes Annotated, Title 12: Commerce and Navigation, Chapter 5: Waterfront and Harbor Facilities, Section 3 (N.J.S.A. 12: 5.3)

Regulations
Coastal General Permit for the Stabilization of Eroded Shorelines. Chapter 7:7-7.21. New Jersey Administrative Code promotes the use of bio-stabilization structures such as live branch cuttings, live facings, live stakes, vegetative cuttings, vegetated earth buttresses, natural fiber products, fiber plugs, plants and clusters, selected plant materials, fiber pallets, fiber carpet, and wood stake anchor systems.

Coastal engineering. Chapter 7E-7.11. New Jersey Administrative Code states that nonstructural solutions to shoreline erosion problems are preferred over structural solutions.


NEW YORK

Statutes/Policies
New York State Division of Coastal Resources: New York State Coastal Policy #17 - Non-structural Control Measures.

New York State Division of Coastal Resources: New York State Coastal Policies

Permits
New York State Department of Environmental Conservation: Coastal Erosion Control Permit Program

Guidance
New York State Department of Environmental Conservation: How Does One File for a DEC Permit?


NORTH CAROLINA

Statutes
North Carolina Living Shorelines Law 2003-427. Authorizes the Coastal Resources Commission to establish a general permit for Living Shorelines projects.

Regulations
North Carolina Administrative Code, Title 15A, Chapter 7H, section 0.0308. Specific Use Standards for Ocean Hazard Areas. States that permanent erosion control structures shall not be constructed along an ocean shoreline.

Permits
North Carolina Department of Environment and Natural Resources Permit Information. Contains One Stop Permitting Coordination Site.

Guidance
North Carolina Department of Environment and Natural Resources, Division of Coastal Management: Coastal Area Management Act (CAMA) Handbook for Development in Coastal North Carolina


PENNSYLVANIA

Permits
Pennsylvania Department of Environmental Protection Permits and Licenses


RHODE ISLAND

Regulations
Coastal Resources Management Program

Permits
Coastal Resources Management Council

Rhode Island Department of Environmental Management Office of Water Resources

Guidance
Cromwell, N., W. Ferguson , and A. Lipsky. 1999. Backyards on the Bay: A yard care guide for the coastal homeowner. Edited by: C.L. Blanchard, S. Hudson , A. McCann, and D. Reis

Rhode Island Permitting Portal  


SOUTH CAROLINA

Regulations
South Carolina Department of Health and Environmental Control, Office of Ocean and Coastal Resource Management: Rules and Regulations for Permitting in Critical Areas of the Coastal Zone

Permits
South Carolina Department of Health and Environmental Control, Office of Ocean and Coastal Resource Management, Regulatory Division: The Permit Application

South Carolina Department of Health and Environmental Control: Environmental Permitting

Guidance
South Carolina Department of Health and Environmental Control, Bureau of Water: Guidance Documents


TEXAS

Regulations
Texas Laws and Regulations Related to Coastal Issues

Permits
Texas Commission on Environmental Quality: Permits, Licenses and Registrations

( Permits Lower Coast )

Texas Coastal Management Program, Permit Service Center

( Permits Upper Coast )

Texas Coastal Management Program, Small Business and Individual Permitting Assistance Office, Interagency Guidelines for Applicants: Breakwaters and Shoreline Stabilization Structures

Guidance
Texas General Land Office. 2003. Texas Coastal Permitting Assistance for Individuals and Small Businesses. Texas Coastal Management Program

Managing Invasives


VERMONT

Permits
Vermont Department of Environmental Conservation Permit Information Summary


VIRGINIA

Statutes
Chesapeake Bay Preservation Act, Title 10.1 Chapter 21.

Wetlands Act, Title 28.2 Chapter 13. The Virginia Wetlands Act created a Wetlands Zoning Ordinance that any county, city or town in Virginia may adopt to regulate the use and development of local wetlands. The ordinance requires local communities to create a wetlands board, which reviews permits for shoreline alterations lying within their communities' jurisdiction.

Permits
Virginia Marine Resources Commission, Habitat Management Division Permitting

Virginia Department of Environmental Quality: Permits, Fees, and Regulations

Virginia Marine Resources Commission: Habitat Management

Guidance
"An Analysis of the Current Shoreline Management Framework in Virginia: Focus on the Need for Improved Agency Coordination,” written by K. Trono